Mission Point Lighthouse History

Beautifully situated near the 45th Parallel between beach and forest at the end of
Old Mission Peninsula, you will find the picturesque Mission Point Lighthouse. Surrounding the lighthouse on three sides are thickly wooded trails just waiting for adventure. The fourth side looks out over the rocky and once dangerous waters of the north end of West Grand Traverse Bay.
 
During the 1860’s a large ship hit a shallow reef and sank just in front of where Mission Point Lighthouse now sits. It was at this point that Congress set $6,000 aside for the construction of the lighthouse. However, it wasn’t completed until 1870 due to the Civil War. Mission Point Lighthouse was first lit on September 10, 1870. From 1870 through 1933, Mission Point’s light kept the waters at the end of Old Mission Peninsula safe for mariners. It was in 1933 that the lighthouse was decommissioned and later replaced with an automatic buoy light just offshore.

Originally, the lighthouse consisted of six rooms on the ground floor and a bedroom and supply room on the second floor. Above the second floor of the lighthouse was a room in the tower just ample enough for the light mechanism. Like so many other lighthouses, whale oil (and later kerosene) was used to light the 5th Order Fresnel lens that refracted and magnified its modest light source into an intense beam that could be seen up to 13 miles away. Mission Point Light is one of 129 Michigan lighthouses. Michigan has more lighthouses than any other state. Only 39 Michigan lighthouses are open to the public on a regular schedule.

Only seven keepers have lived in this historic house running the light to keep the waters safe. First was Jerome Pratt until 1874, John McHarry from then until his death in 1881, and then Captain John Lane and his wife Sarah. The Lane’s worked as one, watching ships, keeping the light burning, and caring for the grounds until Captain John died on December 12, 1906. Sarah became the first and only female keeper in Mission Point’s history, continuing the duties that previously she and her husband shared.  The Lane’s were the keepers for 24 years until March 3, 1907, when James Davenport took over. In the years between 1907 and 1933, two other keepers would also join the list: William F. Green and Emil C. Johnson.

By the turn of the century, keepers were not the only people at the lighthouse. Visitors became so many that a fence similar to the one you now see was erected to protect the lighthouse itself, as well as visitors. A wooden walkway was also added so that folks could easily access the beach and see the lighthouse.

For the years between 1933 and 1948, Mission Point Lighthouse sat alone and empty. During those years the lighthouse was severely vandalized and somehow never burned down. It was then that a collection among 43 Old Mission Peninsula residents was taken (totaling just over $1,900) in order for the township to purchase the lighthouse and adjacent grounds. Since then, several able caretakers have lived in and helped to care for and restore the lighthouse. The lighthouse has been added to the National and State Historic Register, and visitors can now climb the tower to the lantern deck and tour the museum on the second floor for a small fee.  A 5th Order Fresnel Lens is on display, giving a real picture of how the light was kept. The museum admission and gift shop purchases go toward the continued restoration of the lighthouse and the grounds. The gift shop has a snowy owl on display. Snowy owls frequent the Old Mission Peninsula in the winter months.

We would love to see you at Mission Point Lighthouse, so bring a picnic and a blanket to enjoy on the warm sand of the beach or under the quiet shade of the surrounding forests, and peek back in time to see how those before lived and to understand their influences on our present world.

For information regarding general history about Old Mission Peninsula, visit the
Old Mission Peninsula Historical Society.
Lighthouse with the boathouse from around 1900
Lighthouse with the boathouse, photo from around 1900.
Mission Point Lighthouse from the water with horse and people
View of Mission Point Lighthouse from the water.
Mission Point Lighthouse from southside around 1890
The lighthouse photo from southside around 1890.
PictuLooking up at lighthouse from beach in 1950
Lighthouse in 1950
White fence and rear of lighthouse in 1930
1930, rear of the lighthouse.
1916 Postcard with Keeper Davenport at Mission Point Lighthouse
1916 Postcard, Keeper Davenport at Mission Point Lighthouse